Simple method of Queen Rearing
This is a very simple and basic method for rearing a new queen to replace an existing failing queen or to produce a Nucleus. There are many other methods.
To start, you will need and meet the following:
Time of year: May to June
Spare Hive or Nucleus Hive.
A frame of drawn empty brood comb (an empty super frame of drawn empty comb will be OK if brood not available).
A brood comb of sealed Honey stores.
A brood comb of a fair portion of Pollen.
From the drawn empty comb cut out a square of comb about 25mm.
From the hive that you have selected as donor hive/queen find a comb containing eggs and newly emerged larvae (it is important that some larvae are present).
Using a bee brush very gently brush the bees off the comb and into the hive. Quickly cut a square of comb from the area containing the eggs/newly hatched larvae to correspond with the size of the square previously cut from the empty comb.
Take your first square piece of empty comb and fit it gently into the hole you have just cut from the breeder comb. Make sure it is the correct way up. Replace this into the hive.
Now fit your piece of breeder comb with eggs and larvae into the empty drawn comb and place between the stores and pollen comb and place these into your Nucleus Hive.
Now select four frames of bees, either all from one or several hives (making sure you find the Queen in each of the selected hives and placing into a match box for protection) and shake as many of the bees as possible into the Nucleus Hive, making sure as many nurse bees as possible go in, as many of the older bees will fly home to their original hive.
Now replace any removed queens back into their respective hives.
The bees should now draw one or more emergency queen cells and with no other brood to care for the nurse bees will raise a good new queen.
The new queen should emerge in 13 to 14 days and all being well be mated by the 24th day.
Once you are happy with your new queen use her according to your requirements.
Any brood combs may now be returned to the hive/s of origin.
This method may also be used to re queen a queenless colony that has been queenless for more than 7 days and any subsequent cells being destroyed.